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Carpetmaking is an old folk craft that exists since the times when a man learned to elaborate and use a wool. The first authentic records about the producing of carpet goods are the pictures of the looms in Egypt that belongs to the XIV century B.C..
The appearence of a carpet in the nomadic tribes was caused by its living. Weaved thick warm canvases were used like shelter and saddle. In the East carpet has always been the most important thing: at the same time it was a roof, a bed, accessory for praying, a present, and a masterpiece. The amount and beauty of the carpets at home showed how rich the family was. The carpets were weaved at home – for own usage and for presents. Only in the III century Turkish and Persian facturies started to produce carpets for sale.

The technology of carpet weaving has not almost changed within centuries. A nap is interweaved by hand into the webbed basis, and every thread is tied by knot. An experienced craftswoman can make from 7 to 10 thousands of knots during the day. The weaving speed depends on how difficult the pattern is, materials and delicacy of the work. And the quality of the carpet – on the amount of knots in one square metre: the more knots it has, the thicker, stronger and more expensive carpet will be.
Those who are the experts in carpets stil prefer noble wool and silk pieces. Till the middle of the ХIХ century the carpets were dyed just by natural materials, recieved from plants and insects. Red dye was made of scarlet beetle, to get blue dye a tropical indigoferous was used, shafran could maket he carpet yellow, gren dye was taken from safflower and frangula.
The oldest carpet – Pazyryk carpet. It is located now in Ermitage Museum and goes back to the V century B.C.. It was made under the Turkish double-knot technology. A double knot is considered to be stronger and beter than the knots of persian carpets. Under this technology wool or silk are twisted around 2 base threads. Double knot of wool or silk are knotted on the wool or cotton threads that are the basis on special tools called loom. One of the specialities of the Turkish carpets is its thickness, in other words the amount of knots in one square santimetre. That is why Turkish carpets can serve very long time and are given from one generation to another.