Those who are the experts in carpets stil prefer noble wool and silk pieces. Till the middle of the ХIХ century the carpets were dyed just by natural materials, recieved from plants and insects. Red dye was made of scarlet beetle, to get blue dye a tropical indigoferous was used, shafran could maket he carpet yellow, gren dye was taken from safflower and frangula.
The oldest carpet – Pazyryk carpet. It is located now in Ermitage Museum and goes back to the V century B.C.. It was made under the Turkish double-knot technology. A double knot is considered to be stronger and beter than the knots of persian carpets. Under this technology wool or silk are twisted around 2 base threads. Double knot of wool or silk are knotted on the wool or cotton threads that are the basis on special tools called loom. One of the specialities of the Turkish carpets is its thickness, in other words the amount of knots in one square santimetre. That is why Turkish carpets can serve very long time and are given from one generation to another.